AskDefine | Define adventitia

Dictionary Definition

adventitia n : an enveloping or covering membrane or layer of body tissue [syn: tunic, tunica]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Etymology

From the lang=la.

Noun

  1. anatomy histology The outermost layer of epithelial tissue encasing a visceral organ.

Extensive Definition

Adventitia is the outermost connective tissue covering of any organ, vessel, or other structure.
For example, the connective tissue that surrounds an artery is called the tunica adventitia because it is considered extraneous to the artery.
To some degree, its role is complementary to that of the serosa, which also provides a layer of tissue surrounding an organ. In the abdomen, whether an organ is covered in adventitia or serosa depends upon whether it is peritoneal or retroperitoneal:
In the gastrointestinal tract, the muscularis externa is bounded in most cases by serosa. However, at the thoracic esophagus, ascending colon, descending colon and the rectum, the muscularis externa is instead bounded by adventitia. (The muscularis externa of the duodenum is bounded by both tissue types.)
The connective tissue of the gallbladder is covered by adventitia where the gallbladder bounds the liver, but by serosa for the rest of its surface.

See also

External links

adventitia in German: Tunica adventitia
adventitia in Japanese: 外膜
adventitia in Thai: ชั้นแอดเวนทิเทีย
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